Economically Active Population (EAP) includes people between the age 15 to 64 years, who are either employed or unemployed but seeking employment.
To know the statistics of the economically active population statistics South Africa release them quarterly and is presented by race and gender groups at national and provincial level.
On Employment Equity EAP targets are used as a benchmark to assist designated employers to do quantitative analysis. Quantitative analysis of the workforce profile is done per occupational level for each race and gender against the EAP targets to determine whether there is under-representation or over-representation. The analysis can be done using national and provincial EAP targets.
A negative difference between the EAP targets and workforce profile indicates that there is under-representation. A positive difference between the EAP targets and workforce profile indicates that there is over-representation.
After the analysis has been done this will assist the Employment Equity committee to come up with strategies to address under-representation or over-representation per occupational level.
This will also assist the committee to set up numerical goals and targets to achieve an equitable workforce. Numerical target is the projected workforce profile that the company anticipate achieving at the next reporting period. Numerical goal is the projected workforce profile that the company anticipate achieving by the expiry of its Employment Equity plan.
If you need assistance with the analysis of the workforce profile against EAP targets and come up with strategies to address under or over-representation, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Rumbi Vashoma: SDF & EE Consultant - Compliance Hub